Godeys´s Lady´s Book 1848

(Karl Ludvig Georg von Raumer: "Flickors uppfostran". p. 6.)

Godeys´s Lady´s Book 1848

”Flickors uppfostran [...]”* – a Modern Education Handbook

Karl von Raumer – a Pedagogue for Girls

Karl Ludvig Georg von Raumer (1783-1865) was a German professor, pedagogue and geologist. His pedagogical masterpiece Geschichte der Pädagogik was published in Germany 1843/1853. Part three was also published separately 1853 with the name Die Erziehung der Mädchen. There appears as well to be an English edition called The Education of Girls (1857). I have in my Master´s Thesis for Degree of Master of Theology in Helsinki University mainly researched the Swedish translation Flickors uppfostran. It was published 1870 in Helsinki, the capital city of Finland.

The ideology of enlightenment settled in the 18th century that women and men essentially were different. The emphasis was however in the idea of everyone´s equal rights. This thought led among bourgeois and upper class families in a growing interest for education of girls. Especially fathers became involved in the new project. There were various interpretations of how the result should be: a capable housewife or an educated wife.

The members of public were in agreement of one thing. It was generally thought that the goal for education of daugters should be a marriage. Governesses and schools for girls concentrated in developing skills that sold well in the matrimonial market. Dance, singing and vague knowledge in spoken French distinguished the plan for education. The author of Flickors uppfostran criticized the superficial purposes. He disapproved of girls desperately practising in front of the piano and singing their throats sore in aim to be able to perform. Raumer reminded that girls were not exhibit articles. Their own feelings must be acknowledged. Girls should not be brought up to delight the public opinion.

According to professor Raumer should education not aim at that the girls would please the men. Instead he wanted to give the girls a heart´s education. They should learn to serve and live for others. Despite of these for the time typical statements did the German pedagogue contribute with considerable efforts for the liberating of women. His modern program for education included among other things English, German history, litterature and natural science. Professor Raumer gave the education of girls for the first time in history a scientific value.

J. O. I. Rancken – a Pioneering Finnish Doctor

Johan Oskar Immanuel Rancken (1824-1895) was a Finnish doctor, professor and pedagogue. He translated Die Erziehung der Mädchen to Swedish and added footnotes to adapt the message in the circumstances in Finland. The doctor has a slightly more modern view than Raumer but does generally agree with him. Both want to educate the girls in homes for a domestic living. Rancken was also teacher in several private schools for girls. Two anonymous women have helped him with the translation of Flickors uppfostran.

Both professors did pioneer work for emancipation though they actually opposed the idea of women taking a step in the public sphere. Their argumentation rested on a conviction that both sexes were equal but had different tasks. Women should be able to develop their skills but the aim of this project was to benefit the domestic life. Girls would get a sufficient amount of education to make good wifes (or house daughters) later in their lives. Nevertheless did Rancken and Raumer have great influence for the widening of the living circle of women.

*Engl. ”The Education of Girls”

Text and translation from Flickors uppfostran: Sara Medberg

The contents of this website base on the author´s Master´s Thesis: ”…Sie sollen d i e n e n lernen…” – tyttöjen kasvatus J. O. I. Ranckenin toimittaman Karl von Raumerin teoksen Die Erziehung der Mädchen 1853 ruotsinnoksen (1870) mukaan. (Helsinki University: 2008).

Image Source:
Nypl Digital Gallery
Godey’s Lady’s Book 1848
Godey’s Lady’s Book 1848